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Bibliography - Stephen M Griffies

  1. Bueti, M R., I Ginis, L Rothstein, and Stephen M Griffies, in press: Tropical Cyclone-Induced Thermocline Warming and its Regional and Global Impacts. Journal of Climate. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00152.1. 6/14.
    [ Abstract ]
  2. Danabasoglu, G, Stephen M Griffies, and Bonita L Samuels, et al., January 2014: North Atlantic simulations in Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments phase II (CORE-II). Part I: Mean states. Ocean Modelling, 73, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2013.10.005.
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  3. Fan, Yalin, Shian-Jiann Lin, Stephen M Griffies, and M A Hemer, May 2014: Simulated Global Swell and Wind Sea Climate and Their responses to Anthropogenic Climate Change at the End of the 21st Century. Journal of Climate, 27(10), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00198.1.
  4. Fan, Yalin, and Stephen M Griffies, June 2014: Impacts of parameterized Langmuir turbulence and non-breaking wave mixing in global climate simulations. Journal of Climate, 27(12), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00583.1.
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  5. Farneti, Riccardo, S Dwivedi, F Kucharski, F Molteni, and Stephen M Griffies, in press: On Pacific Subtropical Cell Variability over the Second Half of the Twentieth Century. Journal of Climate. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00707.1. 7/14.
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  6. Griffies, Stephen M., Bonita L Samuels, and Michael Winton, et al., June 2014: An assessment of global and regional sea level for years 1993-2007 in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations. Ocean Modelling, 78, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2014.03.004.
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  7. McDougall, T J., S Groeskamp, and Stephen M Griffies, in press: On geometrical aspects of interior ocean mixing. Journal of Physical Oceanography. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-0270.1. 5/14.
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  8. Palter, J B., Stephen M Griffies, E D Galbraith, Anand Gnanadesikan, Bonita L Samuels, and A Klocker, January 2014: The deep ocean buoyancy budget and its temporal variability. Journal of Climate, 27(2), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00016.1.
    [ Abstract ]
  9. Rahaman, H, M Ravichandran, D Sengupta, Matthew J Harrison, and Stephen M Griffies, March 2014: Development of a regional model for the north Indian Ocean. Ocean Modelling, 75, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2013.12.005.
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  10. Spence, P, and Stephen M Griffies, et al., in press: Rapid subsurface warming and circulation changes of Antarctic coastal waters by poleward shifting winds. Geophysical Research Letters. doi:10.1002/2014GL060613. 6/14.
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  11. Bi, D, and Stephen M Griffies, et al., March 2013: The ACCESS coupled model: description, control climate and evaluation. Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal, 63(1), 41-64.
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  12. Bi, D, and Stephen M Griffies, et al., March 2013: ACCESS-OM: the ocean and sea-ice core of the ACCESS coupled model. Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal, 63(1), 213-232.
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  13. Bony, S, Isaac M Held, and Stephen M Griffies, et al., September 2013: Carbon Dioxide and Climate: Perspectives on a Scientific Assessment In Climate Science for Serving Society Research, Modeling and Prediction Priorities, doi:10.1007/978-94-007-6692-1_14.
    [ Abstract ]
  14. Dunne, John P., Jasmin John, Elena Shevliakova, Ronald J Stouffer, John P Krasting, Sergey Malyshev, P C D Milly, Lori T Sentman, Alistair Adcroft, William F Cooke, Krista A Dunne, Stephen M Griffies, Robert W Hallberg, Matthew J Harrison, Hiram Levy II, Andrew T Wittenberg, Peter Phillipps, and Niki Zadeh, April 2013: GFDL's ESM2 global coupled climate-carbon Earth System Models Part II: Carbon system formulation and baseline simulation characteristics. Journal of Climate, 26(7), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00150.1.
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  15. Frankcombe, L M., P Spence, C J McAdie, M H England, and Stephen M Griffies, November 2013: Sea level changes forced by Southern Ocean winds. Geophysical Research Letters, 40(21), doi:10.1002/2013GL058104.
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  16. Griffies, Stephen M., and A M Treguier, 2013: Ocean Circulation Models and Modeling In Ocean Circulation and Climate: A 21st Century Perspective, Second Edition, International Geophysics Vol 103, Elsevier, 521-551.
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  17. Lee, Hyun-Chul, Thomas L Delworth, Anthony Rosati, Rong Zhang, Whit G Anderson, Fanrong Zeng, Charles A Stock, Anand Gnanadesikan, Keith W Dixon, and Stephen M Griffies, January 2013: Impact of climate warming on upper layer of the Bering Sea. Climate Dynamics, 40(1-2), doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1301-8.
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  18. Marsland, S J., and Stephen M Griffies, et al., March 2013: Evaluation of ACCESS climate model ocean metrics in CMIP5 simulations. Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal, 63(1), 101-119.
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  19. Rugenstein, M, Michael Winton, Ronald J Stouffer, Stephen M Griffies, and Robert W Hallberg, January 2013: Northern high latitude heat budget decomposition and transient warming. Journal of Climate, 26(2), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00695.1.
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  20. Siedler, G A., Stephen M Griffies, J Gould, and J A Church, December 2013: Ocean Circulation and Climate: A 21st Century Perspective , Second Edition, International Geophysics V. 103: Academic Press, 904pp.
  21. Straneo, F, P Heimbach, Olga V Sergienko, G Hamilton, G Catania, Stephen M Griffies, and Robert W Hallberg, et al., August 2013: Challenges to Understand the Dynamic Response of Greenland's Marine Terminating Glaciers to Oceanic and Atmospheric Forcing. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94(8), doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00100.1.
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  22. Winton, Michael, Alistair Adcroft, Stephen M Griffies, Robert W Hallberg, Larry W Horowitz, and Ronald J Stouffer, January 2013: Influence of ocean and atmosphere components on simulated climate sensitivities. Journal of Climate, 26(1), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00121.1.
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  23. Winton, Michael, Stephen M Griffies, Bonita L Samuels, Jorge L Sarmiento, and Thomas L Frolicher, April 2013: Connecting Changing Ocean Circulation with Changing Climate. Journal of Climate, 26(7), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00296.1.
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  24. Bates, M L., Stephen M Griffies, and M H England, December 2012: A dynamic, embedded Lagrangian model for ocean climate models, Part I: Theory and implementation. Ocean Modelling, 59-60, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2012.05.004.
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  25. Bates, M L., Stephen M Griffies, and M H England, December 2012: A dynamic, embedded Lagrangian model for ocean climate models, Part II: Idealised overflow tests. Ocean Modelling, 59-60, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2012.08.003.
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  26. Delworth, Thomas L., Anthony Rosati, Whit G Anderson, Alistair Adcroft, Venkatramani Balaji, Rusty Benson, Keith W Dixon, Stephen M Griffies, Hyun-Chul Lee, Ronald C Pacanowski, Gabriel A Vecchi, Andrew T Wittenberg, Fanrong Zeng, and Rong Zhang, April 2012: Simulated climate and climate change in the GFDL CM2.5 high-resolution coupled climate model. Journal of Climate, 25(8), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00316.1.
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  27. Dunne, John P., Jasmin John, Alistair Adcroft, Stephen M Griffies, Robert W Hallberg, Elena Shevliakova, Ronald J Stouffer, William F Cooke, Krista A Dunne, Matthew J Harrison, John P Krasting, Sergey Malyshev, P C D Milly, Peter Phillipps, Lori T Sentman, Bonita L Samuels, Michael J Spelman, Michael Winton, Andrew T Wittenberg, and Niki Zadeh, October 2012: GFDL's ESM2 global coupled climate-carbon Earth System Models Part I: Physical formulation and baseline simulation characteristics. Journal of Climate, 25(19), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00560.1.
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  28. Griffies, Stephen M., and R J Greatbatch, July 2012: Physical processes that impact the evolution of global mean sea level in ocean climate models. Ocean Modelling, 51, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2012.04.003.
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  29. Ilicak, M, Alistair Adcroft, Stephen M Griffies, and Robert W Hallberg, February 2012: Spurious dianeutral mixing and the role of momentum closure. Ocean Modelling, 45-46, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2011.10.003.
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  30. Lorbacher, K, S J Marsland, J A Church, Stephen M Griffies, and D Stammer, June 2012: Rapid barotropic sea-level rise from ice-sheet melting. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C06003, doi:10.1029/2011JC007733.
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  31. Donner, Leo J., Bruce Wyman, Richard S Hemler, Larry W Horowitz, Yi Ming, Ming Zhao, J-C Golaz, Paul Ginoux, Shian-Jiann Lin, M Daniel Schwarzkopf, John Austin, G Alaka, William F Cooke, Thomas L Delworth, Stuart Freidenreich, C Tony Gordon, Stephen M Griffies, Isaac M Held, William J Hurlin, Stephen A Klein, Thomas R Knutson, Amy R Langenhorst, Hyun-Chul Lee, Yanluan Lin, B I Magi, Sergey Malyshev, P C D Milly, Vaishali Naik, Mary Jo Nath, R Pincus, Jeff J Ploshay, V Ramaswamy, Charles J Seman, Elena Shevliakova, Joseph J Sirutis, William F Stern, Ronald J Stouffer, R John Wilson, Michael Winton, Andrew T Wittenberg, and Fanrong Zeng, July 2011: The dynamical core, physical parameterizations, and basic simulation characteristics of the atmospheric component AM3 of the GFDL Global Coupled Model CM3. Journal of Climate, 24(13), doi:10.1175/2011JCLI3955.1.
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  32. Downes, S M., Anand Gnanadesikan, Stephen M Griffies, and Jorge L Sarmiento, September 2011: Water mass exchange in the Southern Ocean in coupled climate models. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 41(9), doi:10.1175/2011JPO4586.1.
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  33. Fox-Kemper, B, G Danabasoglu, R Ferrari, Stephen M Griffies, Robert W Hallberg, M M Holland, M E Maltrud, S L Peacock, and Bonita L Samuels, July 2011: Parameterization of mixed layer eddies. III: Implementation and impact in global ocean climate simulations. Ocean Modelling, 39(1-2), doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2010.09.002.
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  34. Galbraith, E D., E Y Kwon, Anand Gnanadesikan, K B Rodgers, Stephen M Griffies, D Bianchi, Jorge L Sarmiento, John P Dunne, J Simeon, Richard D Slater, Andrew T Wittenberg, and Isaac M Held, August 2011: Climate Variability and Radiocarbon in the CM2Mc Earth System Model. Journal of Climate, 24(16), doi:10.1175/2011JCLI3919.1.
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  35. Griffies, Stephen M., Michael Winton, Leo J Donner, Larry W Horowitz, S M Downes, Riccardo Farneti, Anand Gnanadesikan, William J Hurlin, Hyun-Chul Lee, Zhi Liang, J B Palter, Bonita L Samuels, Andrew T Wittenberg, Bruce Wyman, J Yin, and Niki Zadeh, July 2011: The GFDL CM3 Coupled Climate Model: Characteristics of the ocean and sea ice simulations. Journal of Climate, 24(13), doi:10.1175/2011JCLI3964.1.
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  36. Griffies, Stephen M., and G Danabasoglu, May 2011: Physical ocean fields in CMIP5. Clivar Exchanges, 16(2), 32-34.
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  37. Griffies, Stephen M., July 2011: Preface to the Ocean Modelling special issue on ocean eddies. Ocean Modelling, 39(1-2), 1.
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  38. Herzfeld, M, M Schmidt, Stephen M Griffies, and Zhi Liang, February 2011: Realistic test cases for limited area ocean modelling. Ocean Modelling, 37(1-2), doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2010.12.008.
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  39. Stock, Charles A., Thomas L Delworth, John P Dunne, Stephen M Griffies, R Rykaczewski, Jorge L Sarmiento, Ronald J Stouffer, and Gabriel A Vecchi, et al., January 2011: On the use of IPCC-class models to assess the impact of climate on Living Marine Resources. Progress in Oceanography, 88(1-4), doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2010.09.001.
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  40. Yin, J, J E Overland, Stephen M Griffies, A Hu, J L Russell, and Ronald J Stouffer, August 2011: Different magnitudes of projected subsurface ocean warming around Greenland and Antarctica. Nature Geoscience, 4(8), doi:10.1038/ngeo1189.
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  41. Farneti, Riccardo, Thomas L Delworth, Anthony Rosati, Stephen M Griffies, and Fanrong Zeng, July 2010: The role of mesoscale eddies in the rectification of the Southern Ocean response to climate change. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40(7), doi:10.1175/2010JPO4353.1.
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  42. Ferrari, R, Stephen M Griffies, A J George Nurser, and Geoffrey K Vallis, April 2010: A boundary-value problem for the parameterized mesoscale eddy transport. Ocean Modelling, 32(3-4), doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2010.01.004.
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  43. Griffies, Stephen M., Alistair Adcroft, Anand Gnanadesikan, Robert W Hallberg, Matthew J Harrison, Sonya Legg, C M Little, M Nikurashin, A Pirani, Bonita L Samuels, J Robert Toggweiler, and Geoffrey K Vallis, et al., September 2010: Problems and prospects in large-scale ocean circulation models In Ocean Obs '09, 21-25 September, Venice, Italy, ESA Special Publication, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.38.
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  44. Hurrell, J W., Thomas L Delworth, Stephen M Griffies, and Anthony Rosati, et al., September 2010: Decadal Climate Prediction: Opportunities and Challenges, 2010 In OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Vol. 2, ESA Publication, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.45.
  45. Kopp, R E., J X Mitrovica, Stephen M Griffies, J Yin, C C Hay, and Ronald J Stouffer, et al., December 2010: The impact of Greenland melt on local sea levels: a partially coupled analysis of dynamic and static equilibrium effects in idealized water-hosing experiments. Climatic Change, 103(3-4), doi:10.1007/s10584-010-9935-1.
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  46. Rienecker, M M., Stephen M Griffies, and Anthony Rosati, et al., September 2010: Synthesis and Assimilation Systems: Essential Adjuncts to the Global Ocean Observing System In OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Vol. 2, ESA Publication, doi:doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.pp.31.
  47. Yin, J, Ronald J Stouffer, Michael J Spelman, and Stephen M Griffies, January 2010: Evaluating the uncertainty induced by the virtual salt flux assumption in climate situations and future projections. Journal of Climate, 23(1), doi:10.1175/2009JCLI3084.1.
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  48. Yin, J, Stephen M Griffies, and Ronald J Stouffer, September 2010: Spatial variability of sea-level rise in 21st century projections. Journal of Climate, 23(17), doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3533.1.
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  49. Griffies, Stephen M., Robert W Hallberg, A Pirani, Bonita L Samuels, and Michael Winton, et al., January 2009: Coordinated ocean-ice reference experiments (COREs). Ocean Modelling, 26(1-2), doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2008.08.007.
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  50. Griffies, Stephen M., Alistair Adcroft, Venkatramani Balaji, Robert W Hallberg, Sonya Legg, T Martin, and A Pirani, et al., February 2009: Sampling Physical Ocean Field in WCRP CMIP5 Simulations: CLIVAR Working Group on Ocean Model Development (WGOMD) Committee on CMIP5 Ocean Model Output, International CLIVAR Project Office, CLIVAR Publication Series No. 137, 56pp.
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  51. Griffies, Stephen M., December 2009: Science of ocean climate models In Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, 2nd edition, Elsevier, doi:10.1016/B978-012374473-9.00714-1.
  52. Legg, Sonya, Tal Ezer, Stephen M Griffies, Robert W Hallberg, and L Jackson, et al., May 2009: Improving oceanic overflow representation in climate models: The gravity current entrainment climate process team. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90(5), doi:10.1175/2008BAMS2667.1.
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  53. Griffies, Stephen M., and Alistair Adcroft, 2008: Formulating the equations of ocean models In Ocean Modeling in an Eddying Regime, Geophysical Monograph 177, M. W. Hecht, and H. Hasumi, eds., Washington, DC, American Geophysical Union, 281-318.
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  54. Griffies, Stephen M., H Banks, and A Pirani, 2008: Furthering the science of ocean climate modelling. Clivar Exchanges, 13(1), 281-318.
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  55. Pirani, A, Stephen M Griffies, and H Banks, 2008: Report from the CLIVAR Working Group on ocean model development (WGOMD). Clivar Exchanges, 13(1), 30-32.
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  56. Gnanadesikan, Anand, Stephen M Griffies, and Bonita L Samuels, 2007: Effects in a climate model of slope tapering in neutral physics schemes. Ocean Modelling, 16(1-2), doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2006.06.004.
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  57. Griffies, Stephen M., C Böning, and A M Treguier, 2007: Design considerations for coordinated ocean-ice reference experiments. Flux News, 3, 3-5.
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  58. Griffies, Stephen M., Matthew J Harrison, Ronald C Pacanowski, and Anthony Rosati, 2007: Ocean modelling with MOM. Clivar Exchanges, 12(3), 3-5, 13.
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  59. Delworth, Thomas L., Anthony J Broccoli, Anthony Rosati, Ronald J Stouffer, Venkatramani Balaji, J A Beesley, William F Cooke, Keith W Dixon, John P Dunne, Krista A Dunne, J W Durachta, Kirsten L Findell, Paul Ginoux, Anand Gnanadesikan, C Tony Gordon, Stephen M Griffies, Rich Gudgel, Matthew J Harrison, Isaac M Held, Richard S Hemler, Larry W Horowitz, Stephen A Klein, Thomas R Knutson, P J Kushner, Amy R Langenhorst, Hyun-Chul Lee, Shian-Jiann Lin, Jian Lu, Sergey Malyshev, P C D Milly, V Ramaswamy, J L Russell, M Daniel Schwarzkopf, Elena Shevliakova, Joseph J Sirutis, Michael J Spelman, William F Stern, Michael Winton, Andrew T Wittenberg, Bruce Wyman, Fanrong Zeng, and Rong Zhang, 2006: GFDL's CM2 Global Coupled Climate Models. Part I: Formulation and Simulation Characteristics. Journal of Climate, 19(5), doi:10.1175/JCLI3629.1.
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  60. Gerdes, R, William J Hurlin, and Stephen M Griffies, 2006: Sensitivity of a global ocean model to increased run-off from Greenland. Ocean Modelling, 12(3-4), doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2005.08.003.
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  61. Gnanadesikan, Anand, Keith W Dixon, Stephen M Griffies, Venkatramani Balaji, M Barreiro, J A Beesley, William F Cooke, Thomas L Delworth, R Gerdes, Matthew J Harrison, Isaac M Held, William J Hurlin, Hyun-Chul Lee, Zhi Liang, G Nong, Ronald C Pacanowski, Anthony Rosati, J L Russell, Bonita L Samuels, Qian Song, Michael J Spelman, Ronald J Stouffer, C Sweeney, Gabriel A Vecchi, Michael Winton, Andrew T Wittenberg, Fanrong Zeng, Rong Zhang, and John P Dunne, 2006: GFDL's CM2 Global Coupled Climate Models. Part II: The baseline ocean simulation. Journal of Climate, 19(5), doi:10.1175/JCLI3630.1.
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  62. Jackett, D R., T J McDougall, R Feistel, D Wright, and Stephen M Griffies, 2006: Algorithms for Density, Potential Temperature, Conservative Temperature, and the Freezing Temperature of Seawater. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 23(12), doi:10.1175/JTECH1946.1.
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  63. Griffies, Stephen M., 2005: Some ocean model fundamentals In Ocean Weather Forecasting: An Integrated View of Oceanography, Berlin, Germany, Springer, 19-74.
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  64. Griffies, Stephen M., Anand Gnanadesikan, Keith W Dixon, John P Dunne, R Gerdes, Matthew J Harrison, Anthony Rosati, J L Russell, Bonita L Samuels, Michael J Spelman, Michael Winton, and Rong Zhang, September 2005: Formulation of an ocean model for global climate simulations. Ocean Science, 1, 45-79.
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  65. Sweeney, C, Anand Gnanadesikan, Stephen M Griffies, Matthew J Harrison, Anthony Rosati, and Bonita L Samuels, June 2005: Impacts of shortwave penetration depth on large-scale ocean circulation and heat transport. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 35(6), 1103-1119.
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  66. Griffies, Stephen M., 2004: Fundamentals of Ocean Climate Models, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 518 pp.
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  67. Griffies, Stephen M., Matthew J Harrison, Ronald C Pacanowski, and Anthony Rosati, 2004: A Technical Guide to MOM4, GFDL Ocean Group Technical Report No. 5, Princeton, NJ:: NOAA/Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, 342 pp.
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  68. Griffies, Stephen M., 2003: An introduction to linear predictability analysis In Global Climate, Rodó, X., and F. A. Comín, eds., Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 80-101.
  69. Griffies, Stephen M., 2003: An introduction to ocean climate modeling In Global Climate, Rodó, X., and F. A. Comín, eds., Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 55-79.
  70. Griffies, Stephen M., Ronald C Pacanowski, M Schmidt, and Venkatramani Balaji, 2001: Tracer conservation with an explicit free surface method for z-coordinate ocean models. Monthly Weather Review, 129(5), 1081-1098.
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  71. Stocker, T F., Thomas L Delworth, Stephen M Griffies, Isaac M Held, V Ramaswamy, and Brian J Soden, et al., 2001: Physical climate processes and feedbacks In Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 418-470.
  72. Griffies, Stephen M., 2000: Review of "Ocean Modeling and Parameterization," E. P. Chassignet and J. Verron, eds., 1998, Kluwer Academic Publishers. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 81(3), 591-593.
  73. Griffies, Stephen M., C Böning, F O Bryan, E P Chassignet, R Gerdes, H Hasumi, A C Hirst, A M Treguier, and D Webb, 2000: Developments in ocean climate modelling. Ocean Modelling, 2, 123-192.
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  74. Griffies, Stephen M., and Robert W Hallberg, 2000: Biharmonic friction with a Smagorinsky-like viscosity for use in large-scale eddy-permitting ocean models. Monthly Weather Review, 128(8), 2935-2946.
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  75. Griffies, Stephen M., Ronald C Pacanowski, and Robert W Hallberg, 2000: Spurious diapycnal mixing associated with advection in a z-coordinate ocean model. Monthly Weather Review, 128(3), 538-564.
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  76. Pacanowski, Ronald C., and Stephen M Griffies, 1999: The MOM3 Manual, GFDL Ocean Group Technical Report No. 4, Princeton, NJ: NOAA/Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, 680 pp.
  77. Schneider, T, and Stephen M Griffies, 1999: A conceptual framework for predictability studies. Journal of Climate, 12(10), 3133-3155.
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  78. Griffies, Stephen M., 1998: The Gent-McWilliams skew flux. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 28(5), 831-841.
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  79. Griffies, Stephen M., Anand Gnanadesikan, Ronald C Pacanowski, V D Larichev, J K Dukowicz, and R D Smith, 1998: Isoneutral diffusion in a z-coordinate ocean model. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 28(5), 805-830.
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  80. Bryan, Kirk, and Stephen M Griffies, 1997: Predictability of North Atlantic climate on decadal times scales estimated using a coupled ocean-atmosphere model. International WOCE Newsletter, 26, 5-9.
  81. Griffies, Stephen M., and Kirk Bryan, 1997: Predictability of North Atlantic multidecadal climate variability. Science, 275(5297), 181-184.
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  82. Griffies, Stephen M., and Kirk Bryan, 1997: A predictability study of simulated North Atlantic multidecadal variability. Climate Dynamics, 13(7-8), 459-487.
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  83. Toggweiler, J R., E Tziperman, Y Feliks, Kirk Bryan, Stephen M Griffies, and Bonita L Samuels, 1996: Reply. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 26(6), 1106-1110.
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  84. Griffies, Stephen M., and E Tziperman, 1995: A linear thermohaline oscillator driven by stochastic atmospheric forcing. Journal of Climate, 8(10), 2440-2453.
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  85. Griffies, Stephen M., and Kirk Bryan, 1994: Predictability of North Atlantic climate variability on multidecadal time scales In The Atlantic Climate Change Program, Proceedings from the principal investigators meeting, NOAA, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, 77-80.
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