Model Projections of the Changes in Atmospheric Circulation and Surface Climate over North America, North Atlantic and Europe in the 21st Century
The impacts of climate change on the North America-North Atlantic-Europe sector are studied using a coupled general circulation model (CM3) and a high-resolution atmosphere-only model (HiRAM), both developed at the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory. Long-term changes in surface temperature, precipitation and storminess patterns over Europe and the North Atlantic are projected.
In winter, the model experiments project a drying trend over southern Europe, and a strong warming trend over northwestern Europe, towards the end of the 21st century.
In summer, dry and warm conditions are projected over Europe within the 35°-50°N zone.