GFDL - Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

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The Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) is engaged in comprehensive long lead-time research fundamental to NOAA's mission. Scientists at GFDL develop and use mathematical models and computer simulations to improve our understanding and prediction of the behavior of the atmosphere, the oceans, and climate. GFDL scientists focus on model-building relevant for society, such as hurricane research, prediction, and seasonal forecasting, and understanding global and regional climate change.

Since 1955, GFDL has set the agenda for much of the world's research on the modeling of global climate change and has played a significant role in the World Meteorological Organization, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change assessments, and the U.S. Global Change Research Program. GFDL's mission is to be a world leader in the development of earth system models, and the production of timely and reliable knowledge and assessments on natural climate variability and anthropogenic changes.

GFDL research encompasses the predictability and sensitivity of global and regional climate; the structure, variability, dynamics and interaction of the atmosphere and the ocean; and the ways that the atmosphere and oceans influence, and are influenced by various trace constituents. The scientific work of the Laboratory incorporates a variety of disciplines including meteorology, oceanography, hydrology, classical physics, fluid dynamics, chemistry, applied mathematics, and numerical analysis.

Research is also facilitated by the Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Program (AOS), which is a collaborative program at GFDL with Princeton University. Under this program, Princeton faculty, research scientists, and graduate students participate in theoretical studies, both analytical and numerical, and in observational experiments in the laboratory and in the field. The program is supported in part by NOAA funding. AOS scientists may also be involved in GFDL research through institutional or international agreements.

For an overview of GFDL's work, see our Fact Sheet.

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Research Highlights

  • August 22, 2014 Predicting a decadal shift in North Atlantic climate variability using the GFDL forecast system - The goals of this research were to assess the role of AMOC in global climate and identify the predictability of the associated climate impacts. Decadal prediction experiments were conducted as part of CMIP5 using a prototype GFDL-CM2.1 forecast system. The abrupt warming of the North Atlantic subpolar gyre (SPG), observed in the mid-1990s, was used as a case study to evaluate the forecast capabilities of the model, and to better understand the reasons for the observed changes. Read more
  • August 13, 2014 Seasonal Forecasting of Regional Tropical Cyclone Activity - Tropical cyclones (TCs, which include hurricanes and typhoons) are a major climate hazard across the Northern Hemisphere, and have exhibited variability and change on year-to-year timescales. Understanding and predicting future year-to-year TC activity is central to NOAA's mission and highly relevant to society. Of particular relevance for decision support is predicting seasonal activity on regional spatial scales (scales smaller than the entire basin) – a goal that has remained elusive. Read more
  • July 21, 2014 Rapid subsurface warming and circulation changes of Antarctic coastal waters by poleward shifting winds - Projected changes in the winds circling the Antarctic may accelerate global sea level rise significantly more than previously estimated. Changes to Antarctic winds may have a profound impact on warming ocean temperatures under the ice shelves along the coastline of West and East Antarctic. Projected Antarctic wind shifts were included in a detailed global ocean model, and the authors found water up to 4°C warmer than current temperatures rose up to meet the base of the Antarctic ice shelves. Read more
  • July 13, 2014 Regional rainfall decline in Australia attributed to anthropogenic greenhouse gases and ozone levels - A suite of simulations, with a new high-resolution climate model (CM2.5) developed at GFDL, were used to study the observed long-term decline of winter rainfall over parts of southern Australia. In addition to a control simulation, ensembles of simulations were performed that included various combinations of changing radiative forcing, including those from natural sources (volcanic eruptions and solar irradiance changes) and anthropogenic sources (changes in greenhouse gases, aerosols, ozone, and land use changes). Read more

Read more GFDL Research Highlights

Events & Seminars

  • September 17, 2014: TBA
    V. Balaji (CICS Princeton)
    Time: 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm
    Location: Smagorinsky Seminar Room
  • September 18, 2014: TBA
    Alexander Khain (Hebrew University)
    Time: 2:00 pm - 3:00 pm
    Location: Smagorinsky Seminar Room
  • September 22, 2014: Tom Delworth (abstract)
    Tom Delworth (Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory)
    Time: 1:30 pm - 3:30 pm
    Location: 309 Seminar Room
  • September 24, 2014: Stochastic parameterization of QG flows (abstract)
    Ian Grooms ( NYU Courant Institute of Mathematics)
    Time: 12:00 pm - 1:15 pm
    Location: Smagorinsky Seminar Room
  • September 25, 2014: TBA
    Dave Thompson (CSU)
    Time: 2:00 pm - 3:00 pm
    Location: Smagorinsky Seminar Room
  • October 1, 2014: Amplification of Ocean Productivity Trends in a Changing Climate (abstract)
    Charlie Stock (GFDL)
    Time: 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm
    Location: Smagorinsky Seminar Room
  • October 8, 2014: TBA
    Lee Murray (Columbia - NY)
    Time: 12:00 pm - 1:15 pm
    Location: Smagorinsky Seminar Room
  • October 9, 2014: TBA
    Ted Shepherd (University of Reading)
    Time: 2:00 pm - 3:00 pm
    Location: Smagorinsky Seminar Room

More events & seminars...