Earth System Science
GFDL brings many disciplines together to understand and predict interactions among human activities, ecosystems, biogeochemistry, and climate. We develop Earth System Models, researching biospheric processes and mechanisms, and conducting observational synthesis and analysis. We use these comprehensively interacting models of land, ocean, atmosphere, and sea ice, along with chemical, biological and ecological models. Driven by natural and human-induced forcings, they allow us to assess environmental change and ecological impacts such as ocean acidification and improve our understanding of past, present and future Earth System interactions.
- Beaulieu, C, S A Henson, Jorge L Sarmiento, and John P Dunne, et al.: Factors challenging our ability to detect long-term trends in ocean chlorophyll. Biogeosciences, 10(4), DOI:10.5194/bg-10-2711-2013.
- Bopp, L, and John P Dunne, et al., in press: Multiple stressors of ocean ecosystems in the 21st century: projections with CMIP5 models. Biogeosciences Discussions. DOI:10.5194/bgd-10-3627-2013. 2/13.
- Cheung, W W., Jorge L Sarmiento, John P Dunne, and Thomas L Frolicher, et al.: Shrinking of fishes exacerbates impacts of global ocean changes on marine ecosystems. Nature Climate Change, 3(3), DOI:10.1038/NCLIMATE1691.
- Cocco, V, F Joos, M Steinacher, Thomas L Frolicher, L Bopp, and John P Dunne, et al.: Oxygen and indicators of stress for marine life in multi-model global warming projections. Biogeosciences, 10(3), DOI:10.5194/bg-10-1849-2013.
- Hazen, E L., R Rykaczewski, and John P Dunne, et al.: Predicted habitat shifts of Pacific top predators in a changing climate. Nature Climate Change, 3(3), DOI:10.1038/nclimate1686.