GFDL - Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

Weather and Climate Extremes

GFDL scientists strive to improve the understanding and prediction of weather and climate extremes. Their work encompasses a range of problems and time scales: from five-day model predictions of hurricane track and intensity, to understanding the causes of changes in extremes over the past century, to building new climate prediction models for seamless predictions out to the next several years, to earth system model projections of human-caused changes in various extremes (heat waves, hurricanes, droughts, etc.) over the coming century.

HEAT STRESSHeat Stress and Temperature Extremes
FLOODFlooding & Extreme Precipitation
Climate Model DownscalingClimate Model Downscaling>
ARCTIC SEA ICEArctic Sea Ice Trends and Extremes

Recent Publications

  • Fan, Yalin, Shian-Jiann Lin, Stephen M Griffies, and M A Hemer, May 2014: Simulated Global Swell and Wind Sea Climate and Their responses to Anthropogenic Climate Change at the End of the 21st Century. Journal of Climate, 27(10), DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00198.1.
  • Lau, Ngar-Cheung, and Mary Jo Nath, May 2014: Model Simulation and Projection of European Heat Waves in Present-Day and Future Climates. Journal of Climate, 27(10), DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00284.1.
  • Zhou, W, Isaac M Held, and Stephen T Garner, March 2014: Parameter study of tropical cyclones in rotating radiative-convective equilibrium with column physics and resolution of a 25 km GCM. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 71(3), DOI:10.1175/JAS-D-13-0190.1.
  • Bollasina, Massimo, Yi Ming, V Ramaswamy, M Daniel Schwarzkopf, and Vaishali Naik, January 2014: Contribution of Local and Remote Anthropogenic Aerosols to the 20th century Weakening of the South Asian Monsoon. Geophysical Research Letters, 41(2), DOI:10.1002/2013GL058183.

More Weather and Climate Extremes publications