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Dr. Xiaosong Yang

Meteorologist, Seasonal to Decadal Variability and Predictability Division

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA

Princeton University Forrestal Campus

201 Forrestal Road, Princeton, NJ 08540

Phone: 609-452-5311, Fax: 609-987-5063, Email:


  • Ph.D. in Marine and Atmospheric Science, Stony Brook University,  Stony Brook, 2006
  • M.S. in Atmospheric Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2000
  • B.S. in Meteorology, Ocean University of Qingdao, China, 1995

Research Interests

  • Coupled model initialization for climate prediction
  • Seasonal to decadal scale climate predictability and variability
  • Climate extremes: Attribution and prediction
  • Eddy-mean flow interactions and storm track dynamics

Selected papers

  1. Yang, X., T. L., Delworth, L. Jia, N. C. Johnson, F. Lu and C. McHugh, 2022: On the seasonal prediction and predictability of surface temperature swing index over North America, Frontiers in Climate. doi: 10.3389/fclim.2022.972119. 
  2. Jia, L.T. L. DelworthS.B. KapnickX. YangN.C. JohnsonW. F. CookeF. LuM. J. HarrisonA. RosatiF. ZengC. McHughA. T. WittenbergL. ZhangH. Murakami, and K.-C. Tseng, 2022: Skillful seasonal prediction of North American summertime heat extremesJ. Climate35(13), DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-21-0364.14331-4345.
  3. Yang, X., T. L. Delworth, F. Zeng, L. Zhang, W. F. Cooke, M. J. Harrison, A. Rosati, S. Underwood, G. P. Compo, C. McColl, 2021: On the Development of GFDL’s decadal prediction system: initialization approaches and retrospective forecast assessment, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 13, e2021MS002529.
  4. Lu, F., M. J. HarrisonA. RosatiT. L. Delworth, X. Yang, W. F. CookeL. JiaC. McHugh, N. C. Johnson, M. Bushuk, Y. Zhang, and A. Adcroft, 2020: GFDL’s SPEAR seasonal prediction system: initialization and ocean tendency adjustment (OTA) for coupled model predictions. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems12(12), DOI:10.1029/2020MS002149.
  5. Delworth, T. L.W. F. CookeA. AdcroftM. BushukJ.-H. ChenK. A. DunneP. GinouxR. G. GudgelR. HallbergL. HarrisM. J. HarrisonN. C. JohnsonS. B. KapnickS.-J. LinF. LuS. MalyshevP C D MillyH. MurakamiV. NaikS. PascaleD. J. PaynterA. RosatiM. D. SchwarzkopfE. ShevliakovaS. D. UnderwoodA. T. WittenbergB. XiangX. YangF. Zeng, H. Zhang, L. Zhang, and M. Zhao, 2020: SPEAR – the next generation GFDL modeling system for seasonal to multidecadal prediction and projectionJournal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems12(3), DOI:10.1029/2019MS001895.
  6. Park, J.-Y., C. A. Stock, John P. Dunne, X. Yang, A. Rosati, 2019: Seasonal to multi-annual marine ecosystem prediction with a global Earth system model, Science, 365(6450), DOI:10.1126/science.aav6634. 
  7. Zhang, L.T. L. DelworthW. F. Cooke, and X. Yang, 2019: Natural variability of Southern Ocean convection as a driver of observed climate trends. Nature Climate Change9(1), DOI:10.1038/s41558-018-0350-3.
  8. Yang, X., L. Jia, S. Kapnick, T. L. Delworth, G. A. Vecchi, R. G. Gudgel, Seth Underwood, Fanrong Zeng, 2018: On the seasonal prediction of the western United States  El Niño precipitation during the 2015/16 winter, Climate Dynamics, DOI:10.1007/s00382-018-4109-3
  9.  Kapnick SB, Yang X, Vecchi GA, Delworth TL, Gudgel R, Malyshev S, Milly PCD, Shevliakova E, Underwood S, Margulis S, 2018: Potential for Western United States Seasonal Snowpack Prediction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.  doi:10.1073/pnas1716760115
  10. Jia, L., X. Yang, G. A. Vecchi, R. Gudgel, T. Delworth, S. Fueglistaler, P. Lin, A. Scaife, S. Underwood, S.-J. Lin, 2017: Seasonal Prediction Skill of Northern Extratropical Surface Temperature Driven by the Stratosphere, J. Climate, DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0475.1

    Publication Statistics

    GFDL’s Bibliography Page