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Dr. Xiaosong Yang

Meteorologist, Seasonal to Decadal Variability and Predictability Division

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA

Princeton University Forrestal Campus

201 Forrestal Road, Princeton, NJ 08540

Phone: 609-452-5311, Fax: 609-987-5063, Email:


  • Ph.D. in Marine and Atmospheric Science, Stony Brook University,  Stony Brook, 2006
  • M.S. in Atmospheric Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2000
  • B.S. in Meteorology, Ocean University of Qingdao, China, 1995

Research Interests

  • Seasonal to decadal scale climate prediction and predictability
  • Extratropical climate extremes: Attribution and prediction
  • Coupled model initialization for climate prediction
  • Eddy-mean flow interactions and storm track dynamics

Selected recent papers

  1. Yang, X., Delworth, T.L., Jia, L. et al., 2024: Skillful seasonal prediction of wind energy resources in the contiguous United States. Commun Earth Environ 5, 313.
  2. Jia, L., T. L. Delworth, X. Yang, W. F. Cooke, N. C. Johnson, C. McHugh, and F. Lu, 2023: Seasonal prediction of North American wintertime cold extremes in the GFDL SPEAR forecast system. Climate Dynamics, DOI:10.1007/s00382-022-06655-w.
  3. Zhang, L., T. L. Delworth, X. Yang, F. Zeng, F. Lu, Y. Morioka, and M. Bushuk, 2022: The relative role of the subsurface Southern Ocean in driving negative Antarctic Sea ice extent anomalies in 2016–2021. Communications Earth and Environment, 3, 302, DOI:10.1038/s43247-022-00624-1.
  4. Yang, X., T. L., Delworth, L. Jia, N. C. Johnson, F. Lu and C. McHugh, 2022: On the seasonal prediction and predictability of surface temperature swing index over North America, Frontiers in Climate. doi: 10.3389/fclim.2022.972119. 
  5. Yang, X., T. L. Delworth, F. Zeng, L. Zhang, W. F. Cooke, M. J. Harrison, A. Rosati, S. Underwood, G. P. Compo, C. McColl, 2021: On the Development of GFDL’s decadal prediction system: initialization approaches and retrospective forecast assessment, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 13, e2021MS002529.
  6. Lu, F., M. J. HarrisonA. RosatiT. L. Delworth, X. Yang, W. F. CookeL. JiaC. McHugh, N. C. Johnson, M. Bushuk, Y. Zhang, and A. Adcroft, 2020: GFDL’s SPEAR seasonal prediction system: initialization and ocean tendency adjustment (OTA) for coupled model predictions. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems12(12), DOI:10.1029/2020MS002149.
  7. Delworth, T. L.W. F. CookeA. AdcroftM. BushukJ.-H. ChenK. A. DunneP. GinouxR. G. GudgelR. HallbergL. HarrisM. J. HarrisonN. C. JohnsonS. B. KapnickS.-J. LinF. LuS. MalyshevP C D MillyH. MurakamiV. NaikS. PascaleD. J. PaynterA. RosatiM. D. SchwarzkopfE. ShevliakovaS. D. UnderwoodA. T. WittenbergB. XiangX. YangF. Zeng, H. Zhang, L. Zhang, and M. Zhao, 2020: SPEAR – the next generation GFDL modeling system for seasonal to multidecadal prediction and projectionJournal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems12(3), DOI:10.1029/2019MS001895.
  8. Park, J.-Y., C. A. Stock, John P. Dunne, X. Yang, A. Rosati, 2019: Seasonal to multi-annual marine ecosystem prediction with a global Earth system model, Science, 365(6450), DOI:10.1126/science.aav6634. 

    Publication Statistics

    GFDL’s Bibliography Page